Musical Borrowing
An Annotated Bibliography


Because musical borrowing and reworking is a very wide field, this bibliography must be a collaborative undertaking.

The project began in the fall of 1987. The original basis was my own list of items on musical borrowing, supplemented by a preliminary bibliography on the same subject by David Pacun of the University of Chicago and by the card index of items on quotation and borrowing in the library of the Musikwissenschaftliches Institut at the Universität Köln, generously provided to me by the Institute librarians and faculty. David C. Birchler worked as my assistant at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1987–1988, preparing annotations and gathering further items. Members of graduate seminars on musical borrowing held at Indiana University in 1988, 1994, 2002, 2010, and 2013 and at Yale in 1995 contributed annotations and new items, as did members of a seminar conducted by Harry Elzinga at Baylor University in 1994. Andreas Giger, my research assistant for 1990–1991, wrote many new annotations and revised the entire bibliography. Felix O. Cox, my assistant in 2001–2003, further revised the bibliography and added numerous annotations. Will Sadler, John A. Johnson, Carol Crowley, David Montgomery, Mirna Polzovic, Luiz Fernando Lopes, Dana Gorzelany, Rika Asai, James Rodgers, Tong Cheng Blackburn, Bethany Goldberg, Mary Ellen Ryan, Mollie Ables, and several other assistants provided additional editorial help. Honey Meconi, Brian Phillips, Murray Steib, James L. Zychowicz, and others too numerous to mention provided citations. Thanks to all of them for their contributions.

Thanks to Thomas J. Mathiesen for inviting me to publish the bibliography online under the auspices of the Center for the History of Music Theory and Literature at Indiana University, and for invaluable programming, design, support, and advice. Rob Carter provided technical assistance for the first edition. This updated version was possible thanks to the continuing support of CHMTL, now a center of the Jacobs School of Music, and to Michael McClimon, William Guerin, and Sebastian Bisciglia on the technical side.

We offer this preliminary product with the hope that it may be useful to others working in this field and that some may wish to join us in this endeavor. Please direct any comments, suggestions, and additions to me at or at the Jacobs School of Music, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405.

J. Peter Burkholder, General Editor
June 2017

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Musical Borrowing and Reworking - - 2017
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